TPMS-Tire Pressure Monitoring System

TPMS-Tire Pressure Monitoring System

  • Incorrect tire pressure is one cause of tire wear. All tires require that the air pressure is consistent to obtain maximum performance and life.
  • 10 degree swing in temperature can affect the pressure in your tire by 10 pounds. Always consult your owner’s manual to ensure your tires are properly inflated

A tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS) is an electronic system to monitor the air pressure inside a pneumatic tire, or a tire that would be on your car or truck. There are two types of TPMS; Direct and Indirect.


  • Direct TPMS delivers real time tire pressure information to the driver of the vehicle – either via a gauge or a simple low pressure warning light. These systems employ physical pressure sensors inside each tire and a means of sending that information from inside the tire to the vehicle instrument cluster.


  • Indirect TPMS measures the air pressure indirectly by monitoring individual wheel speeds and other signals available in the vehicle. Most indirect TPMS uses the fact that an under-inflated tire has a slightly smaller diameter than a correctly inflated tire and therefore has to rotate more times to cover a specific distance to detect under-inflation. Such TPMS can detect under-inflation in up to three tires simultaneously but not in all four since the operating principle of these systems is to compare the different wheel speeds and if all four tires lose the same amount of air the relative change will be zero. Newer developments of indirect TPMS can also detect simultaneous under-inflation in all four tires thanks to vibration analysis of individual wheels or analysis of load shift effects during acceleration and/or cornering. Indirect TPMS is cheap and easy to implement since most modern vehicles already have wheel speed sensors for anti-lock braking systems and electronic stability control systems. The disadvantage is that they rely on the user resetting the system by pushing a “Calibration Button” when the tires are changed or re-inflated – forgetting to perform this initialization leads to potentially dangerous false or missing alerts. Another disadvantage of indirect TPMS is that if the Calibration Reset Button is pressed when one or more tires are under-inflated then the system accepts this under-inflation as normal and the driver will be unaware of potentially dangerous tire pressures.

TPMS Sensor Replacement:

  • Many people believe the only place to have a bad TPMS sensor replaced is their vehicles dealership, this is not true. Your local Pete’s Tire Barns has TPMS sensors to fit 96% of the vehicles on the road today. Most times we can replace your defective TPMS at a significantly lower price thn your local dealer would charge. Before you go to the dealer, check with Pete’s and save yourself both time and money.


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